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Mary McLeod Bethune’s Statue Halfway To Replacing Confederate Smith at Capitol

| January 31, 2018

Mary McLeod Bethune will be the face of Florida at the U.S. Capitol.

Mary McLeod Bethune will be the face of Florida at the U.S. Capitol.

A statue of civil-rights leader Mary McLeod Bethune is halfway to its supporters’ goal of replacing the likeness of a Confederate general as a representative of Florida in the U.S. Capitol.


The Florida Senate voted 37-0 on Wednesday to pass a measure (SB 472) to have Bethune’s statue replace Confederate Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith at the National Statuary Hall in Washington.

Among those voting in support was Sen. Dennis Baxley, an Ocala Republican and descendant of a Confederate soldier who had opposed changing the statues because of concerns about “dishonoring” Smith.

Baxley said his vote Wednesday was due to the manner in which bill sponsor Sen. Perry Thurston, D-Fort Lauderdale, handled the proposal. That included making a change last week to require the Smith statue be acquired and displayed by the Florida Division of Cultural Affairs.

“While I still have some heartburn about disrespecting Gen. Kirby Smith, just because of history that we didn’t live, you showed respect,” Baxley told Thurston. “And I am committed to finding him (Smith) a place of honor here, because I think we should all honor those that come before us.”

The proposal to make Bethune the first African-American woman to be honored in the national hall awaits action by the Florida House, where an identical bill (HB 139) has started moving forward.

“Bethune’s life and values illustrate the best of Florida,” Thurston said, adding that placing her likeness in the hall “will send a powerful signal to the world that Floridians recognize our rich history and its present-day diversity.”

Bethune, who in 1904 founded what became Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona Beach, also served as president of the National Association of Colored Women, was an appointee of President Herbert Hoover to the White House Conference on Child Health and was an adviser to President Franklin Roosevelt.

The university has offered to pay for the Bethune statute, but the cost of transporting both statues has yet to be addressed.

Sen. Bobby Powell, D-West Palm Beach, described Bethune as “the mother of the struggle.”

“If you don’t ever see an image in your likeness, then sometimes you’re not inspired to go there or get there,” Powell, an African-American, said.

Sen. Audrey Gibson, D-Jacksonville, said the change in statues should not be seen as disrespecting Smith but as a change to reflect the ingenuity of Floridians.

“I think Mary McLeod Bethune demonstrated that, starting the school with $1.50 and five little girls,” Gibson said.

Florida’s other representative in the statuary hall is John Gorrie, widely considered the father of air conditioning. Smith has been one of Florida’s representatives since 1922.

The Legislature voted in 2016 to replace the Smith statue during a nationwide backlash against Confederate symbols in the wake of the 2015 shooting deaths of nine African-American worshippers at a historic black church in Charleston, S.C.

Despite agreeing to remove Smith, lawmakers were unable to come up with a replacement during the 2017 session, as the House did not move forward with suggestions from the Great Floridians Program within the state Division of Historic Resources.

Bethune was the top recommendation, while others were George Washington Jenkins, Jr., the founder of the Publix grocery store chain, and Marjory Stoneman Douglas, the environmentalist and author best known for her 1947 work “The Everglades: River of Grass.”

The West Point-educated Smith had few ties to the state as an adult. After surrendering — the last Confederate general to do so with a major army under his command — and later taking an oath of loyalty so he could return from Cuba, Smith spent his remaining years as an educator in Tennessee.

–Jim Turner, News Service of Florida

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8 Responses for “Mary McLeod Bethune’s Statue Halfway To Replacing Confederate Smith at Capitol”

  1. knightwatch says:

    This is so right. Make it happen!

  2. Anonymous says:

    Why do they have to tear down confederate statues, why can’t they just put up prominent Black people’s statues. No violence, no fussing this way. The men who had statues erected for their service to their country should not be removed. They were brave men and were fighting for their families and their country. I despise slavery, but I admire men who stand up in arms and often die to protect their beliefs just as the people in the black movement did as well. I detest what the Nazi’s did in WW2, but I respect the soldiers who fought and died on the battlefield. Most of the people who will comment on this article both Blacks and Whites, have no idea of the sacrifices made on both sides of any struggle to get freedom or protect freedom from tyranny. We need to respect the people on both sides of our conflicts and do unto others as we would have others do unto us. A time of healing is greatly needed in this country, not of tearing down, but of building up. God Bless America and all of her inhabitants.

  3. Seriously says:

    Completely ridiculous. Im all for different people celebrating thier heritages, but to replace one with another because people are offended by anothers heritage is unbelievable. Im offended by that, but who cares what i say because in some peoples eyes im racist because im white and a proud descendent of the confederacy

  4. Pogo says:

    @ Does anyone read before they post?

    Last paragraph:

    “…The West Point-educated Smith had few ties to the state as an adult. After surrendering — the last Confederate general to do so with a major army under his command — and later taking an oath of loyalty so he could return from Cuba, Smith spent his remaining years as an educator in Tennessee.”

    But Smith should represent Florida in the nation’s capitol building? The capitol of our country that he waged war against? Really?

    People whom as a personal matter, admire dead soldiers of any ilk, are certainly entitled to their personal opinion. Meanwhile, keep your dead heroes, Gods, and other personal problems to yourselves – and stay the hell out of the public treasury. Thank you.

  5. gmath55 says:

    How long will it be up before somebody tears it down?

  6. Veteran says:

    Total bullshit!

  7. YankeeExPat says:

    There is NO reason to honor confederate leaders or soldiers as they were all active participants in Secession from the “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” and there should be NO honor bestowed upon a Traitor to your country! Period.

    An actual Hero of the United Staes of America below
    https://www.southeasterntraveler.com/…/national-mall-monuments-the-general-willia.

  8. Layla says:

    Nicely stated, Anonymous. History is full of strife and struggles . It is from the ugliness that we learn never to repeat these mistakes, that we rise up. It is also where we learn about those who stepped up bravely to take a role in making this a better country. Sometimes we make bad mistakes and we learn never to repeat them.

    Stop tearing down all our statues and learn more about how they got there.

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