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Donald Trump’s New Deputy CIA Director: a Torturer Who Destroyed Evidence

| February 23, 2017

Gray site: CIA headquarters. (Facebook)

In August of 2002, interrogators at a secret CIA-run prison in Thailand set out to break a Palestinian man they believed was one of al-Qaida’s top leaders.

As the CIA’s video cameras rolled, security guards shackled Abu Zubaydah to a gurney and interrogators poured water over his mouth and nose until he began to suffocate. They slammed him against a wall, confined him for hours in a coffin-like box, and deprived him of sleep.

The 31-year-old Zubaydah begged for mercy, saying that he knew nothing about the terror group’s future plans. The CIA official in charge, known in agency lingo as the “chief of base,” mocked his complaints, accusing Zubaydah of faking symptoms of psychological breakdown. The torture continued.

When questions began to swirl about the Bush administration’s use of the “black sites,” and program of “enhanced interrogation,” the chief of base began pushing to have the tapes destroyed. She accomplished her mission years later when she rose to a senior position at CIA headquarters and drafted an order to destroy the evidence, which was still locked in a CIA safe at the American embassy in Thailand. Her boss, the head of the agency’s counterterrorism center, signed the order to feed the 92 tapes into a giant shredder.

By then, it was clear that CIA analysts were wrong when they had identified Zubaydah as the number three or four in al-Qaida after Osama bin Laden. The waterboarding failed to elicit valuable intelligence not because he was holding back, but because he was not a member of al-Qaida, and had no knowledge of any plots against the United States.

The chief of base’s role in this tale of pointless brutality and evidence destruction was a footnote to history — until earlier this month, when President Trump named her deputy director of the CIA.

The choice of Gina Haspel for the second-highest position in the agency has been praised by colleagues but sharply criticized by two senators who have seen the still-classified records of her time in Thailand.

“Her background makes her unsuitable for the position,” Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., and Sen. Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., wrote in a letter to Trump. “We are sending a classified letter explaining our position and urge that the information be immediately declassified.”

That’s not likely to happen. ProPublica has combed through recently declassified documents, including CIA cables and Zubaydah’s own account of what he endured, and books by officials involved in the CIA’s interrogation program to assemble the fullest public account of Haspel’s role in the questioning of Zubaydah. The material we reviewed shows she played a far more direct role than has been understood.

Asked to respond to the specific allegations about Haspel, a CIA spokesperson said only that, “Nearly every piece of the reporting that you are seeking comment on is incorrect in whole or in part.” We reminded the spokesperson that many of the specifics came from books written by former CIA officials and cleared before publication by the agency. He declined to say which aspects of the reporting, or those books, were incorrect but did provide a long list of testimonials to Haspel’s skills from present and former intelligence officials.

Critics of Haspel’s appointment argue that her past is particularly relevant in light of Trump’s shifting statements on the value of torturing terror suspects. During the campaign, former director of Central Intelligence Michael Hayden said in response to Trump’s endorsement of torture that “if any future president wants (the) CIA to waterboard anybody, he’d better bring his own bucket.” After he won the election, Trump said he was persuaded by his secretary of defense, James Mattis, that torture is not effective. The Trump administration recently drafted and then withdrew a draft executive order asking American intelligence agencies to consider resuming “enhanced interrogation” of terror suspects.

Much of the material we reviewed for this story referred to Haspel only by her title, chief of base, or “COB.” Three former government officials, however, said the person described by that title in books and declassified documents was Haspel. As chief of base, these officials said, Haspel signed many of the cables sent from Thailand to CIA headquarters recounting Zubaydah’s questioning. The declassified versions of those documents redact the name of the official who sent them.

Haspel had the sole authority to halt the interrogation but never did so, watching as the prisoner vomited, passed out and urinated on himself while shackled.

One declassified cable, among scores obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union in a lawsuit against the architects of the “enhanced interrogation” techniques, says that chief of base and another senior counterterrorism official on scene had the sole authority power to halt the questioning.

She never did so, records show, watching as Zubaydah vomited, passed out and urinated on himself while shackled. During one waterboarding session, Zubaydah lost consciousness and bubbles began gurgling from his mouth. Medical personnel on the scene had to revive him. Haspel allowed the most brutal interrogations by the CIA to continue for nearly three weeks even though, as the cables sent from Thailand to the agency’s headquarters repeatedly stated, “subject has not provided any new threat information or elaborated on any old threat information.”

At one point, Haspel spoke directly with Zubaydah, accusing him of faking symptoms of physical distress and psychological breakdown. In a scene described in a book written by one of the interrogators, the chief of base came to his cell and “congratulated him on the fine quality of his acting.” According to the book, the chief of base, who was identified only by title, said: “Good job! I like the way you’re drooling; it adds realism. I’m almost buying it. You wouldn’t think a grown man would do that.”

Haspel was sent by the chief of the CIA’s counterterrorism section, Jose Rodriquez, the “handpicked warden of the first secret prison the CIA created to handle al-Qaida detainees,” according to a little-noticed recent article in Reader Supported News by John Kiriakou, a former CIA counterterrorism officer. In his memoir, “Hard Measures,” Rodriquez refers to a “female chief of base” in Thailand but does not name her.

Kirakou provided more details about her central role. “It was Haspel who oversaw the staff,” at the Thai prison, including James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen, the two psychologists who “designed the torture techniques and who actually carried out torture on the prisoners,” he wrote.

Kiriakou pleaded guilty in 2012 to releasing classified information about waterboarding and the torture of detainees, and served 23 months in prison.

The CIA officials in Thailand understood that the methods they were using could kill Zubaydah and said that should that happen, they would cremate his body. If he survived questioning, Haspel sought assurances that “the subject will remain in isolation and incommunicado for the remainder of his life.”

So far, that promise has been kept. Zubaydah is currently incarcerated at Guantanamo. His lawyers filed a court action in 2008 seeking his release, but the federal judges overseeing the case have failed to issue any substantive rulings.

Zubaydah was seized in a raid in Pakistan in late March 2002, during which he suffered life-threatening bullet wounds in his leg and groin. The CIA had long been hunting for Zubaydah, who had worked as what one former government official described as “administrator” at a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan. The camp was started by the CIA during the Soviet occupation, was not under the control of al-Qaida or Osama bin Laden, the official said, but Zubaydah had on occasion supplied false passports and money to al-Qaida operatives.

American doctors saved Zubaydah’s life, and after he was stable enough he was drugged, gagged, trussed and blindfolded, and put on a CIA charter flight. In order to avoid being traced, the plane flew around the world, stopping in several places, including Morocco and Brazil, before landing in Thailand.

While still hospitalized, Zubaydah was interrogated by the FBI, led by Ali Soufan, an Arabic speaker. According to Soufan, Zubaydah, who was generally cooperative, provided the FBI interrogators with valuable intelligence on the overall structure of al-Qaida.

His information also confirmed what the CIA already believed, that Khalid Sheik Mohammed was the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks. A talkative sort who expressed a willingness to cooperate, Zubaydah gave the FBI information that led to the arrest of Jose Padilla for plotting to detonate bombs in the United States. Zubaydah, who was born in Palestine, said that while he believed in jihad, the 9/11 attacks were not justified because they killed innocent civilians.

CIA officials were convinced that he knew about plots in America, and with the horror of 9/11 still fresh, the agency was determined to prevent another attack. A month after Zubaydah was captured, Haspel drafted a cable titled “Turning Up the Heat in AZ Interrogations.”

Soon after, he was put into isolation for 45 days, kept awake with loud music and doused with cold water. During this time, the ALEC team at CIA headquarters, which was assigned to find Osama bin Laden, sent questions to Thailand for the team to ask Zubaydah; they went unasked, and unanswered, because he was in isolation.

The FBI and CIA clashed over whether or not Zubaydah was fully cooperating on the subject of possible future attacks. The agency’s view prevailed, and counterterrorism officials sought permission for harsher measures.

In late July, the CIA team conducted a “dress rehearsal … which choreographed moving Abu Zubaydah (Subject) in and out of the large and small confinement boxes, as well as use of the water board,” Haspel notified Washington.

A few days later, she wrote, “Team is ready to move to the next phase of interrogations immediately upon receipt of approvals/authorization from ALEC/Headquarters. It is our understanding that DOJ/Attorney General approvals for all portions of the next phase, including the water board, have been secured, but that final approval is in the hands of the policy makers.”

By this time, the source on whom the CIA had based its assessment that Zubaydah was number three or four in the al-Qaida organization had recanted his testimony, according to the Senate Intelligence Committee Report on Torture released in 2014. The agency would ultimately conclude that Zubaydah was not even a member of al-Qaida.

“So it begins,” a medical officer on Haspel’s team wrote on the morning of Aug. 4, 2002.

Later that year, when journalists began asking the CIA and the White House about a “black site,” in Thailand, the CIA rushed to close it. Zubaydah was again drugged, trussed, blindfolded, and put on another secret CIA flight to another black site, this time in Poland.

Haspel moved to cover up the agency’s operations at the Thai base. The chief of base told the security officer “to burn everything that he could in preparation for sanitizing the black site,” Mitchell wrote in his book, “Enhanced Interrogation: Inside the Minds and Motives of the Islamic Terrorists Trying to Destroy America,” which was published late last year.

According to Mitchell’s account, the security officer asked the chief of base whether he should include the tapes; he was told to hold off until “she” could check with Washington.

She was told to retain them. A few years later when she was back in Washington and chief of staff to the director of operations for counterterrorism, Jose Rodriquez, the man who had sent her to Thailand, she continued to lobby for destruction of the tapes.

“My chief of staff drafted a cable approving the action we had been trying to accomplish for so long,” Rodriquez writes in his memoir. “The cable left nothing to chance. It even told them how to get rid of the tapes. They were to use an industrial-strength shredder to do the deed.”

Without approval from the White House or Justice Department, Rodriquez gave the order.

In a twist of fate, destroying the tapes drew more outside scrutiny of the program. Disclosure of the shredding prompted the Senate Intelligence Committee to begin its long-running examination of the torture program. The result was a 7,000-page report that drew on thousands of highly classified cables relating to the Bush administration’s rendition and detention program and concluded torture was not effective.

–Raymond Bonner, special to ProPublica

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21 Responses for “Donald Trump’s New Deputy CIA Director: a Torturer Who Destroyed Evidence”

  1. Veteran says:

    Good for her. The terrorists torture and kill us. Do you really think they care whether we torture or not? They blow themselves up for Gods sake. They are maniacs!

  2. Richard Smith says:

    Sure glad that Obama wasn’t able to close up Gitmo otherwise this guy would most likely be dead already. Torture is a way of life not only for the US but for many other countries. At least we don’t behead and burn people alive like ISIS does everyday.

    Sure glad that I’m not president as my method of eliminating the turmoil that has gone on for thousands of years in the Middle-East would not be approved by most humans.

  3. Knightwatch says:

    Every day brings news of a Trump outrage, either by his mean, vindictive and senseless executive orders, or the appointment of staff members of questionable character. His administration is a disgrace to America and a joke to the rest of the world… a very tasteless and frightening joke. He has to be stopped. Good Americans need to rise up and resist by any means possible. Millions already are, but resistance needs to be broader, louder and more forceful. We need to block his every move, haunt him unmercifully. Engulf his Republican congressional supporters with anger and rejection. Stop Trump in his tracks. We can do this.

  4. Common Sense says:

    So torturing innocent people is ok with Veteran and Richard Smith. Never mind that is has been documented over and over that torture doesn’t work. I am guessing both of these people (white, male) consider themselves Christians.
    Wonder how thry will feel when Donald starts torturing Americans who disagree with him.

  5. Sherry says:

    You are so correct Knightwatch! Trump is surrounding himself with extremists in every direction. . . his fascist state must be thwarted at every turn!

    Just read the comments here from his absolutely “rabid” horrific supporters. . . the cesspool of humanity now condones torture even of the innocent. . . disgusting, absolutely disgusting!

  6. Fredrick says:

    Ahhh Knightwatch. You represent the loving peaceful left……I am glad for that. You and those like you just make the people who did not necessary vote FOR Trump but against Obama and the direction he took the country and the worse candidate that your side put up against him. We also voted against the political elite on the right and on the left. Just hang onto your shorts… lots of additional positive changes for our country our under way. It’s nice to see that the laws that are on the books and have been ignored for way to long are finally being enforced. Sure there will be problems and mistakes…. but we are already better off than we were under the last administration. Your attitude and the ongoing meltdown of the liberals only makes those who have been silent for way to long stronger and happier with these positive changes. You will be OK Knightwatch. You will survive. Hug a puppy. Go to your safe place.

  7. Fredrick says:

    Sherry Knightwatch seems to be supporting a take over of the government by “any means possible”. That seems to be more “rabid” to use your words than any other post.

  8. Mark101 says:

    Anything to prevent further attacks against US personnel and US allies I’m all for it.

  9. Veteran says:

    Really. President Trump is going to torture people who don’t agree with him. Come back to reality.

  10. Knightwatch says:

    So right-wingers, while I have your attention. Remember when you accused Obama of using dictatorial powers when he signed executive orders? Remember when you decried the cost of his and Michelle’s travel? Remember when you questioned why the Obama children had Secret Security protection? Remember when you cheered when the Republican congress denied Obama’s SCOTUS nominee a hearing? Remember when you believed Mexico was going to pay for your southern wall? Remember when you said Obama was lazy for playing an occasional golf game? Remember when Trump told you he’d be a “full-time” working president? Remember when you accused Obama of doubling the national debt? Remember when you were furious at the cost of Obama’s stimulus spending on infrastructure? Remember when you were apoplectic at Hillary’s use of an unsecured e-mail server to communicate? Remember Obama picking winners and losers? Hypocrites!

  11. woodchuck says:

    What ever gets the job done.Other countries are 10x more barbaric than the U.S. but thats not important to some.

  12. Ronald says:

    Hey Liberals…….YOU LOST !!! Quit your bloody whining .

  13. Richard Smith says:

    Approved only because we shouldn’t be the only ones who have to read this. ~FL

    Veteran, yeah, you’d think the sky was falling and we now live in Chicken Little’s world. My advice to those that can’t see the forest through the trees, go live in Obama’s La-La Land or better yet leave the US before they come for you and waterboard, behead or burn you alive on the stake.

  14. PC Citizen says:

    To any of you who think that torture is OK it just shows that you are horrible human beings and exemplifies what type of person would support Trump and his fascist administration.

    Have any of you heard of the the Geneva Conventions? Of course not. You are too busy navel gazing and cowering in fear over a few potential terrorists rather than looking at the real dangers that face people in the US like the ridiculous number of guns in the hands of torture supporting, knuckle dragging white nationalists.

  15. Knightwatch says:

    So, Woodchuck, we can be barbaric, but just not quite as much as the most barbaric country in the world. Just which country would that be… the Philippines, Somalia, El Salvador, Syria? Just who do you want to be almost as barbaric? And “whatever gets the job done”? What does that mean? Vigilante killing of suspected drug dealers? Lopping the hands of thieves? How about burning gays alive? That work for you?

  16. Wayne says:

    All Presidents are pretty much bought and paid for by someone. Nothing but a figure head to follow directions of some hidden power group,. A.k.a. a puppet.

  17. Florida voter says:

    @Fredrick and Ronald
    Yes, the liberals lost. The conservatives also lost.

    People voted “against Wall Street insiders,” but the current President OWNS half of Wall street.
    People voted to “drain the swamp,” but the only cabinet nominations are either: 1 – political elite, 2 – billionaires, or 3 – Generals (or Admirals).
    People voted against lies and wanted openness, but our president won’t share the financial disclosures that EVERY PREVIOUS modern president shared, the Secretary of State was fired because he lied about conversations with the Russians, and the president is often contradicted by his VP and other cabinet members.
    People wanted to end the political elite’s promotions of their self interests, but President Trump won’t divest himself of his interests in his companies (both domestic and foreign) and appoints his son-in-law as “senior White House adviser.” WTF is “senior White House adviser?
    People voted for someone who will “tell it like it is,” but our current President AND others in his administration tell so many lies and lies about lies that they needed a new term for the utter falseness they speak: “alternative facts.”
    The list goes on.

    Liberals lost because Hillary Clinton didn’t win the Electoral College vote.
    Americans lost because Donald Trump won the Electoral College vote.

  18. Edman says:

    Ronald…. liberals should stop whining ?! Just like conservatives did for 8 years of the Obama presidency?! How hypocritical the right is when it serves their twisted purposes !!!

  19. Richard Smith says:

    @ Edman…… Ha!….I represent that remark!

    So exactly what do you call what you and all the other left wingers are doing these days? How hypocritical of you! Or maybe you call it by a different left wing name like “revolutionary”.

  20. Knightwatch says:

    I love it Edman… every time a Republican squeals, hit them with the truth. Let them face their own hypocrisy. Keep the pressure on.

  21. Katie Semore says:

    Fredrick. I would ask you to provide evidence if each of the claims you made regarding things being better, but I know you can’t, so I won’t embarrass you. Ignorance must truly be blissful.

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